Segmentation is a marketer’s best friend. Did you know that campaigns that are segmented based on users’ behaviour have a unique open rate that’s 12.23% higher than unsegmented campaigns?
Long gone are the days where brands and marketers would have to guess the needs of consumers. Big data has changed that. Now we are able to gather consumer data in huge volumes and analyse it to build bespoke, valuable, engaging content that sees brands connect with consumers on a more personal level.
Before we go any further, let’s rewind and clarify...
What is market segmentation?
Market segmentation is essentially the process of dividing and creating subsets or groups of users based on commonalities and identifying characteristics. There are (generally) four different types of market segmentation, such as...
In this blog, we’re going to look at behavioural segmentation with a couple of examples from the big dogs in branding.
But first, what is behavioural segmentation?
Well, as the name states, behavioural segmentation entails dividing and grouping consumers based on their behaviour. Behaviour counts for both online and offline actions, but in this blog, we will mostly focus on digital behaviour, so let’s take a look.
Behavioural segmentation, in the digital world, means segmenting users based on their online actions, i.e. behaviour on a website or app. This normally includes things like the amount of time they spend on your website, or ‘dwell time’, bounce rate, whether they’re new or returning users, how frequently they interact with your brand, which items are looked at or added to their basket or playlist, and this list goes on. Behavioural segmentation does what it says on the tin, and it's an essential tool for marketers in all fields.
Did you know that organisations that use customer behaviour data to generate behavioural insights outperform peers by 85% in sales growth and more than 25% in gross margin? You can’t ignore those statistics!
A (very) brief history of segmentation
Segmentation in marketing has been around for decades. Market segmentation became a part of marketing practice around the 1950s, in the form of demographics, and has continued to grow in use, popularity, and relevance ever since. The 60s and 70s mostly focused on census data, the 80s favoured segmentation based on financial data, and the 1990s embraced psychographic data to the fullest. But it wasn’t until 2000 that marketers’ focus really became dominated by behavioural segmentation.
How did we get so much data and how do we analyse it, though?
However, data-driven segmentation has only been possible on such a large scale since the inclusion of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in marketing. Thanks to AI, marketers are able to deliver more relevant, personalised content that aims to be different for each targeted segment of consumers.
Marketers today are spoilt for choice when it comes to deciding on which segmentation type(s) to use in their strategy. And that’s all thanks to the huge pool of data currently available which, compared to years ago, is unparalleled.
So now that we know what behavioural segmentation is, how it came about and why we use it in the business world, let’s take a look at these 3 case studies: Coca-Cola, Airbnb, and Netflix.
First up is Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola is the largest soft drink company globally and is one of the most recognisable brands in the world. Coke owns a colossal number of other soft drink brands, organises community events, foundations and partnerships.
So how does Coke do it? Coca-Cola centre their segmentation strategy on consumer behaviour, both online and offline. The carbonated-conglomerate focus on a number of different aspects when segmenting their customers:
Website analytics and social media data analysis
Loyalty status - how strong or weak consumers’ loyalty is to Coca-Cola (which tends to be analysed using social data and data gathered from the activity on Coke’s website).
Occasions - The most popular occasion for consumers to drink coke - this could refer to seasons, events, or simply meal times.
Benefits sought - what consumers are looking for when they purchase the product. This could be the refreshing taste, product uniqueness, the 'vibe' of the brand or its promotional benefits.
Basically, Coke can be seen as an unrivalled market leader. They have truly loyal customers that are likely to never switch to another brand due to their unparalleled love of Coca-Cola. This loyalty is undoubtedly a result of Coke’s impressive marketing strategies. Their utilisation of consumer data allows Coke to behaviourally segment their users. From here they tailor their products, content and messages so accurately, that they now have the luxury of being one of the world’s most recognised brands.
Next, we’re looking at Airbnb
Airbnb is the world’s largest accommodation-sharing site. The concept of paying to stay in a complete stranger's house could be considered odd by some but, nevertheless, Airbnb can proudly say that they’ve made it. They’re super successful. Some of their success can definitely be attributed to innovation, diverse pricing and experiences offered. But business success rarely comes without intelligent marketing strategies, and that’s where Airbnb’s clever segmentation and targeting comes in.
Airbnb uses machine learning to generate insights from user reviews, which are then displayed at the top of their webpage. These insights will likely be one of the first things prospective users see or click on when visiting the site, which will encourage users to book as well as encouraging dwell time on Airbnb’s page.
Airbnb also uses consumers’ behavioural data and preferences to essentially pair hosts and guests. They do this by noting the preferences and online behaviour of potential guests and the preferences of the hosts and then produce coefficient listings.
That makes sense, right? But how do they actually do it? Airbnb achieves this ‘perfect match’ with its specialised search algorithm. The algorithm takes and analyses data from both Airbnb hosts and guests and offers matches based on their similarities.
Along with matching via their algorithm, Airbnb use split testing to discover how website changes may affect consumer behaviour. Airbnb goes even further by using cookies, and other tracking-tech, to hold information from previous searches and booking decisions. Then, with this new information, they are able to adjust and personalise the content that users see when browsing the website. That’s not bad for a company that’s only around 10 years old!
And last, but not least, we have Netflix.
Netflix is the world’s leading entertainment streaming service and is arguably the most proficient brand when it comes to behavioural segmentation.
Netflix has got it all sorted: the personalisation efforts begin as soon as a user creates an account with Netflix and streams even just one TV show or movie. Once they do this, Netflix’s behavioural segmentation efforts are clear (and usually welcomed).
So how do they do it? Netflix uses an algorithm that allows them to consistently and accurately A/B test and experiment with viewer preferences. Netflix’s algorithm dictates everything - the homepage layout, the recommended content, and even the visuals, or landing cards, for each piece of cinema. No, I’m not making this up. Netflix actually personalise the image you see based on the actors, actresses or genres that it thinks you like. And it works!
The effort that Netflix has gone to in order to behaviourally segment their subscribers shows how dedicated they are to personalising experiences. Did you know that Netflix's recommendation system saves them a massive $1Billion per year? It’s clear to see, then, how segmentation has helped Netflix succeed so quickly, and why behavioural segmentation is a central part of their marketing strategy.
It’s Netflix’s combination of big data, algorithmic personalisation, and huge content investment that are likely to keep us glued to the screen for the foreseeable future.
So, we’ve covered a couple of brands that use behavioural segmentation, and use it brilliantly. Brands such as Amazon also use behavioural segmentation to recommend your products; Spotify analyses users’ behaviour to bring you your ‘Recommended Daily Mix’, and that’s just to name a few.
Behavioural segmentation is a perfect way to ensure that you stay relevant to your customers. And market segmentation is an essential tool in today’s data-driven business landscape. In order for brands and businesses to truly understand their user’s different and specific requirements, they must rely on valuable data analysis and segmentation. Especially if they want to keep up with the competition. And with constant advancements in technology, it’s now possible to gain real, actionable insights from that data that will help you better understand your customers and, in turn, provide them with engaging content and unparalleled experiences.
Do you have any thoughts on behavioural segmentation, or is there anything we’ve left out? Feel free to comment below!
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